Neurology / Neuroscience News

Berlin's Neuroscientists Decode Important Mechanism Of Nerve Cell Communication

By researching fruit flies, neuroscientists of the NeuroCure Cluster of Excellence in Berlin were able to gain a better understanding of a meaningful mechanism of neuronal communication. They demonstrated the importance of a specific protein for signal transmission between nerve cells. This is of high significance as certain people with autism a functional development disturbances of the brain suffer from genetic defects in this protein. Therefore the findings could improve the possibility of treating this disease more effectively. The results are presented in the latest issue of the professional journal Science.

Botox Shows Lasting Effects On Distant Muscles

Botulinum neurotoxin type A better known as Botox has previously unsuspected 'systemic' effects on muscles other than the ones it's injected into, reports a study in the January issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia, official journal of the International Anesthesia Research Society (IARS).

Experiments in rats show that Botox has lasting effects on muscles after injection even muscles distant from the injection site. In addition, Botox seems to have "unique" effects on muscle responses to a widely used muscle relaxant, which could affect patient monitoring during surgery or mechanical ventilation.

Botox Injection Can Have 'Distant' Effects

Every Cloud Has A Silver Lining: Weather Forecasting Models Could Predict Brain Tumor Growth

Ever wondered how meteorologists can accurately predict the weather? They use complex spatiotemporal weather models, i.e. mathematical equations that track the motions of the atmosphere through time and space, and combine them with incoming data streams from weather stations and satellites. Now, an innovative new study published in BioMed Central's open access journal Biology Direct has determined that the mathematical methodology used to assimilate data for weather forecasting could be used to predict the spread of brain tumors.

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